Matrix Multiplication

riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_f32(const riscv_matrix_instance_f32 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_f32 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_f32 *pDst)
riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_fast_q15(const riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pDst, q15_t *pState)
riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_fast_q31(const riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pDst)
riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_q15(const riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pDst, q15_t *pState)
riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_q31(const riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pDst)
group MatrixMult

Multiplies two matrices.

../../../_images/MatrixMultiplication.png

Matrix multiplication is only defined if the number of columns of the first matrix equals the number of rows of the second matrix. Multiplying an M x N matrix with an N x P matrix results in an M x P matrix. When matrix size checking is enabled, the functions check: (1) that the inner dimensions of pSrcA and pSrcB are equal; and (2) that the size of the output matrix equals the outer dimensions of pSrcA and pSrcB.

Functions

riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_f32(const riscv_matrix_instance_f32 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_f32 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_f32 *pDst)

Floating-point matrix multiplication.

Return

The function returns either RISCV_MATH_SIZE_MISMATCH or RISCV_MATH_SUCCESS based on the outcome of size checking.

Parameters
  • [in] *pSrcA: points to the first input matrix structure

  • [in] *pSrcB: points to the second input matrix structure

  • [out] *pDst: points to output matrix structure

riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_fast_q15(const riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pDst, q15_t *pState)

Q15 matrix multiplication (fast variant).

Q15 matrix multiplication (fast variant) for RISC-V Core with DSP enabled.

Return

execution status

  • RISCV_MATH_SUCCESS : Operation successful

  • RISCV_MATH_SIZE_MISMATCH : Matrix size check failed

Scaling and Overflow Behavior

The difference between the function riscv_mat_mult_q15() and this fast variant is that the fast variant use a 32-bit rather than a 64-bit accumulator. The result of each 1.15 x 1.15 multiplication is truncated to 2.30 format. These intermediate results are accumulated in a 32-bit register in 2.30 format. Finally, the accumulator is saturated and converted to a 1.15 result.

The fast version has the same overflow behavior as the standard version but provides less precision since it discards the low 16 bits of each multiplication result. In order to avoid overflows completely the input signals must be scaled down. Scale down one of the input matrices by log2(numColsA) bits to avoid overflows, as a total of numColsA additions are computed internally for each output element.

Remark

Refer to riscv_mat_mult_q15() for a slower implementation of this function which uses 64-bit accumulation to provide higher precision.

Parameters
  • [in] pSrcA: points to the first input matrix structure

  • [in] pSrcB: points to the second input matrix structure

  • [out] pDst: points to output matrix structure

  • [in] pState: points to the array for storing intermediate results

riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_fast_q31(const riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pDst)

Q31 matrix multiplication (fast variant).

Q31 matrix multiplication (fast variant) for RISC-V Core with DSP enabled.

Return

execution status

  • RISCV_MATH_SUCCESS : Operation successful

  • RISCV_MATH_SIZE_MISMATCH : Matrix size check failed

Scaling and Overflow Behavior

The difference between the function riscv_mat_mult_q31() and this fast variant is that the fast variant use a 32-bit rather than a 64-bit accumulator. The result of each 1.31 x 1.31 multiplication is truncated to 2.30 format. These intermediate results are accumulated in a 32-bit register in 2.30 format. Finally, the accumulator is saturated and converted to a 1.31 result.

The fast version has the same overflow behavior as the standard version but provides less precision since it discards the low 32 bits of each multiplication result. In order to avoid overflows completely the input signals must be scaled down. Scale down one of the input matrices by log2(numColsA) bits to avoid overflows, as a total of numColsA additions are computed internally for each output element.

Remark

Refer to riscv_mat_mult_q31() for a slower implementation of this function which uses 64-bit accumulation to provide higher precision.

Parameters
  • [in] pSrcA: points to the first input matrix structure

  • [in] pSrcB: points to the second input matrix structure

  • [out] pDst: points to output matrix structure

riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_q15(const riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_q15 *pDst, q15_t *pState)

Q15 matrix multiplication.

Return

execution status

  • RISCV_MATH_SUCCESS : Operation successful

  • RISCV_MATH_SIZE_MISMATCH : Matrix size check failed

Scaling and Overflow Behavior

The function is implemented using an internal 64-bit accumulator. The inputs to the multiplications are in 1.15 format and multiplications yield a 2.30 result. The 2.30 intermediate results are accumulated in a 64-bit accumulator in 34.30 format. This approach provides 33 guard bits and there is no risk of overflow. The 34.30 result is then truncated to 34.15 format by discarding the low 15 bits and then saturated to 1.15 format.

Refer to riscv_mat_mult_fast_q15() for a faster but less precise version of this function.

Parameters
  • [in] pSrcA: points to the first input matrix structure

  • [in] pSrcB: points to the second input matrix structure

  • [out] pDst: points to output matrix structure

  • [in] pState: points to the array for storing intermediate results (Unused)

riscv_status riscv_mat_mult_q31(const riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pSrcA, const riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pSrcB, riscv_matrix_instance_q31 *pDst)

Q31 matrix multiplication.

Return

execution status

  • RISCV_MATH_SUCCESS : Operation successful

  • RISCV_MATH_SIZE_MISMATCH : Matrix size check failed

Scaling and Overflow Behavior

The function is implemented using an internal 64-bit accumulator. The accumulator has a 2.62 format and maintains full precision of the intermediate multiplication results but provides only a single guard bit. There is no saturation on intermediate additions. Thus, if the accumulator overflows it wraps around and distorts the result. The input signals should be scaled down to avoid intermediate overflows. The input is thus scaled down by log2(numColsA) bits to avoid overflows, as a total of numColsA additions are performed internally. The 2.62 accumulator is right shifted by 31 bits and saturated to 1.31 format to yield the final result.

Remark

Refer to riscv_mat_mult_fast_q31() for a faster but less precise implementation of this function.

Parameters
  • [in] pSrcA: points to the first input matrix structure

  • [in] pSrcB: points to the second input matrix structure

  • [out] pDst: points to output matrix structure