Bilinear InterpolationΒΆ

__STATIC_FORCEINLINE float32_t riscv_bilinear_interp_f32(const riscv_bilinear_interp_instance_f32 * S, float32_t X, float32_t Y)
__STATIC_FORCEINLINE q31_t riscv_bilinear_interp_q31(riscv_bilinear_interp_instance_q31 * S, q31_t X, q31_t Y)
__STATIC_FORCEINLINE q15_t riscv_bilinear_interp_q15(riscv_bilinear_interp_instance_q15 * S, q31_t X, q31_t Y)
__STATIC_FORCEINLINE q7_t riscv_bilinear_interp_q7(riscv_bilinear_interp_instance_q7 * S, q31_t X, q31_t Y)
group BilinearInterpolate

Bilinear interpolation is an extension of linear interpolation applied to a two dimensional grid. The underlying function f(x, y) is sampled on a regular grid and the interpolation process determines values between the grid points. Bilinear interpolation is equivalent to two step linear interpolation, first in the x-dimension and then in the y-dimension. Bilinear interpolation is often used in image processing to rescale images. The NMSIS DSP library provides bilinear interpolation functions for Q7, Q15, Q31, and floating-point data types.

Algorithm

The instance structure used by the bilinear interpolation functions describes a two dimensional data table. For floating-point, the instance structure is defined as:

where numRows specifies the number of rows in the table; numCols specifies the number of columns in the table; and pData points to an array of size numRows*numCols values. The data table pTable is organized in row order and the supplied data values fall on integer indexes. That is, table element (x,y) is located at pTable[x + y*numCols] where x and y are integers.

Let (x, y) specify the desired interpolation point. Then define:

The interpolated output point is computed as: Note that the coordinates (x, y) contain integer and fractional components. The integer components specify which portion of the table to use while the fractional components control the interpolation processor.

if (x,y) are outside of the table boundary, Bilinear interpolation returns zero output.

Functions

__STATIC_FORCEINLINE float32_t riscv_bilinear_interp_f32(const riscv_bilinear_interp_instance_f32 * S, float32_t X, float32_t Y)

Floating-point bilinear interpolation.

Return

out interpolated value.

Parameters
  • [inout] S: points to an instance of the interpolation structure.

  • [in] X: interpolation coordinate.

  • [in] Y: interpolation coordinate.

__STATIC_FORCEINLINE q31_t riscv_bilinear_interp_q31(riscv_bilinear_interp_instance_q31 * S, q31_t X, q31_t Y)

Q31 bilinear interpolation.

Return

out interpolated value.

Parameters
  • [inout] S: points to an instance of the interpolation structure.

  • [in] X: interpolation coordinate in 12.20 format.

  • [in] Y: interpolation coordinate in 12.20 format.

__STATIC_FORCEINLINE q15_t riscv_bilinear_interp_q15(riscv_bilinear_interp_instance_q15 * S, q31_t X, q31_t Y)

Q15 bilinear interpolation.

Return

out interpolated value.

Parameters
  • [inout] S: points to an instance of the interpolation structure.

  • [in] X: interpolation coordinate in 12.20 format.

  • [in] Y: interpolation coordinate in 12.20 format.

__STATIC_FORCEINLINE q7_t riscv_bilinear_interp_q7(riscv_bilinear_interp_instance_q7 * S, q31_t X, q31_t Y)

Q7 bilinear interpolation.

Return

out interpolated value.

Parameters
  • [inout] S: points to an instance of the interpolation structure.

  • [in] X: interpolation coordinate in 12.20 format.

  • [in] Y: interpolation coordinate in 12.20 format.